The Symptoms of Cardiomyopathy
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The Symptoms of Cardiomyopathy

In dilated cardiomyopathy, there is enlargement of the heart and weakness of the muscles, thus making it difficult for the heart to perform its function properly.


In dilated cardiomyopathy, there is enlargement of the heart and

weakness of the muscles, thus making it difficult for the heart to

perform its function properly. Some patients with this condition may

not show signs or symptoms during the early stages of the disease.

Symptoms are as follows:

* Flu-like symptoms such as cough, fever, body aches, fatigue and chills.

* Patients may experience loss of appetite.

* Adult patients may present with ascitis, or the accumulation of

fluid in the abdomen, as well as edema, or swelling of the limbs due

to fluid accumulation in the area.

* They also present with irregular heart beat and chest pain.

* Affected infants may develop shortness of breath while feeding.

Adults manifest shortness of breath when lying down for a short while.

* Some infants may show signs of failure to thrive.

* There may also be decreased urine output.

Complications include arrythmias, a disorder in heart rhythms;

congestive heart failure, where the heart is no longer capable of

pumping blood to different parts of the body; and pulmonary edema,

where fluids accumulate in the lungs.


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is characterized by the abnormal

thickening of the myocardium or heart muscle. When the heart tissue

becomes too thick it gets difficult to pump blood to various parts of

the body. Many individuals may have the condition, but may not present

with any symptoms. When symptoms occur, they include:

* Chest pains, shortness of breath, and unexplained fatigue.

* Fainting after some activities or exercise.

* Irregular heart beat, lightheadedness, dizziness, and palpitations.

* The said condition may also result in high blood pressure as

well as heart attack.

Complications include arrhythmias, heart failure and fainting which

can badly injure a patient during the fall. This type of

cardiomyopathy may also lead to dilated cardiomyopathy which has more

serious implications.


In restrictive cardiomyopathy, the heart muscles become stiff and do

not stretch accordingly. This often results in abnormal or reduced

filling of blood. Symptoms of restrictive cardiomyopathy usually

develop gradually or may acutely present with severe symptoms. Most of

these symptoms of cardiomyopathy are similar to symptoms of heart

failure. These include:

* Breathing difficulty presenting at night, after exercise or when

lying down.

* Irregular pulse, and sometimes chest pain.

* Fatigue and loss of appetite.

* Ascitis and edema.

* Low urine output.

* Poor concentration.

* Failure to thrive in infants.

Complications include arrythmias, progressive heart failure, and

mitral regurgitation, where the mitral valve does not properly close.

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