What Is Acute Myocardial Ischemia?: Causes and Natural Treatment for Heart Attacks
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What Is Acute Myocardial Ischemia?: Causes and Natural Treatment for Heart Attacks

Acute myocardial ischemia and eventual heart attack is a leading causes of death globally. There are certain risk factors that increase the risk of developing heart attacks and manifest the characteristic symptoms that are associated with myocardial ischemia. This article aims to provide insights into natural treatments for management of heart attacks and how diet and lifestyle modifications can reduce the risk of myocardial ischemia

What is Acute Myocardial Ischemia? What are Heart Attacks

Myocardial ischemia or heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart reduces because of an partial or complete blockage of the coronary artery. As a result, the supply of oxygen to the heart diminishes and the cardiac muscles get impaired; consequently, the heart can not function proficiently, and one develops a cardiac arrest or infarct.

Symptoms of Acute Myocardial Ischemia: Heart Attack Symptoms

The clinical picture for myocardial ischemia or myocardial attack are as follows,

  • Pain on the left side of the chest, which may radiate from the left shoulder down to the arm, or to the back or even upwards towards the jaw.
  • Profuse perspiration is also experianced due to vasovagal stimulation. 
  • Dizziness and light headedness are more common symptoms, often resulting in a fall or unconciousness.
  • Gasping for breath and difficulty in breathing, with tightness in the chest.
  • Nausea and vomiting may also be experianced

Causes of Acute Myocardial Ischemia: Risk Factors for Heart Attack

The following greatly raise one’s risk of developing acute myocardial ishemia and eventually a heart attack,

  1. Smoking, and even exposure to second hand smoke is a significant cause. Smoke injures the lining of the arteries and prompts deposition of cholesterol. What’s more, smoking also increases the blood clot formation.
  2. Diabetes is another major risk factor
  3. Hypertension impairs arteries and raises the chance of atherosclerotic plaques.
  4. Hypercholesterolemia or elevated blood cholesterol levels
  5. Sedentary lifestyle with no physical activity is a important risk factor. This is the reason why regular excercise is important in individuals above the age of 45 years.
  6. Obesity is linked to high levels of cholesterol in the blood, high blood pressure and diabetes; which are all vital triggers
  7. Family history of heart diseases
  8. Mental stress

Treatment of Acute Myocardial Ischemia: Diet and Natural Cures for Heart Attacks

The treatment regimen for MI involves enhancing blood flow to the cardiac muscle and restoring cardiac health. Medications to sustain normal blood pressure and optimal levels of serum cholesterol are given. Occasionally, in acute cases, surgery is indispensable. Surgery depends up on the extent of blockage of the artery. Doctors advise placing stents to open up the blocked arteries or they may recommend a coronary artery bypass surgery.

Nevertheless, the most fundamental aspect of the management plan is adopting a healthy lifestyle. Follow a heart-friendly diet.

  • Do away with alcohol and tobacco which increase the risk of cardiac disease
  • Keep away from greasy and fried foods, refined and processed foods, which are know to elevate cholesterol levels
  • Limit the intake of salt.
  • Steer clear of trans fats and saturated fats and choose mono unsaturated fats, like, olive oil, groundnut oil, safflower oil and sunflower oil.

Certain foods and dietary prescription to prevent the blood pressure from rising, keep the serum cholesterol level normal and facilitate normal functioning of the heart muscle.

  • These foods are: garlic, gingerflax seeds, walnuts, soy, kidney beans, avocados and fresh fruits like apples, grapes, etc.
  • These foods also prevent oxidative damage to the arteries, reduce low density cholesterol or bad cholesterol and increase levels of good cholesterol.
  • In addition, regular exercise and an optimal stress management are extremely vital.

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